Transport is the biggest source of air and noise pollution in the UK. In fact, in 2018, road transport made up around 33% of the UK’s total CO2 emissions. Reducing emissions remains a significant challenge as the UK looks to reach zero emissions by 2050.
Amid the country’s rapid urbanisation, popular growth and ageing infrastructure, transport systems remain the heart of the modern city. Uswitch has created a UK Sustainable Mobility Index for the most pioneering city for urban transportation, based on six sustainability credentials.
With a score of 55 out of the possible 60 on the Sustainable Mobility ranking, London is the UK’s most sustainable city for transport. By 2041, the Mayor aims for 80% of all trips made in London to be made by foot, cycling or public transport. Currently, over 2,600 diesel-electric hybrid buses, which are more fuel-efficient and cleaner, run through London, reducing emissions by 30-40%.
Liverpool has one of the country’s most sustainable transportation systems, scoring 43.5 out of the possible 60. In an effort to decrease its energy consumption and carbon footprint, the city has implemented a fleet of next-generation emission standard buses operating in Liverpool city centre which have significantly lower levels of carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides.
Landing in fourth place on the Sustainable Mobility Index is Manchester, scoring 39.5 out of the possible 60. The Metrolink service in the city is powered entirely by electricity and 62% of the tram’s power comes from wind power while the rest is produced from other sustainable sources like recycling waste, water power and burning natural fuel such as wood chips and grass.